These are common questions that people began to learn about meditation. In the West, the word meditation means a concentrated state of mind in serious reflection. The Latin root of the word meditation, mederi, means “to heal”. So “What is meditation?”. You should not complicate the answer, simply understood: Meditation is an approach that anyone can use to help them cope with medical problems, stress, and anxiety by way of thought, contemplation, and reflection.

Origin
Finding the origin of meditation may be quite difficult. Meditation is deep rooted in Asia, and countries like China, India and Japan are practicing it for thousands of years. Tribes in South India had developed Tantric Meditation about 15 thousand years back. Tantric meditation was in common use those days. So, we can put forward that concept of meditation emerged from Asia and took various forms in all over the world. Other views about the origin of meditation claims that it originated from the human being's curiosity for the purpose of men, purpose of the universe and to find God by looking inside the self to realize the nature and its existence.

Historical Perspectives
All historians have consensus over the points that, meditation has evolved during unknown ancient times and that; it was not practiced in such a way in which it is practiced today. Taoists started practicing meditation during 500 to 600 BC. Buddhists also started using meditation in the same era. In history, Buddha is one of the greatest promoters of meditation. He was the one to teach meditation in Asia during 500 BC. Buddha has introduced the basic forms of meditation, and all the world adapted and transformed these meditation techniques according to their needs and purposes. Important point to note here is that, Eastern countries were the origin of meditation and getting relief through various meditation techniques. West had adapted this culture from East. During 20th century, Western researchers conducted researches on meditation and came to know about its physical and psychological benefits. Since then, they are using meditation as a wide spread practice in their culture. Western population widely practiced meditation for peace of mind and to get relief from daily life stresses. Nowadays, a downfall has been observed in practices of meditation, and reason is lack of time.

Many years ago meditation was considered something just not meant for modern people, but now it has become very popular with all types of people. Published scientific and medical evidence has proved its benefits.

Meditation encompasses a variety of practices that are somewhat different, while holding to the basic principles of consideration and quiet thought to bring about a state of rumination. Various types of meditation that are recognized include prayer, Zen, Taoist, mindfulness, and Buddhist. Some methods of meditation may require the body being absolutely still or to be moved with controlled deliberation, while other types allow for free movement of the body. While the methods are different, the end goal of all types of meditation lead to a mind that is quieted and free from stress by the use of quiet contemplation and reflection.

To learn the benefits and methods of meditation, you can see details here .